ASU-57空降坦克歼击车

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ASU-57空降自行火炮(572工程(Объект572))(俄文:АСУ-57)是第二次世界大战后的1950年由苏联为其伞兵发展的超轻型自行火炮,但由于自身体积太小而作用不大,很快就于1962年被淘汰不用。[1] 

ASU-57空降坦克歼击车基本资料

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  • 乘员:3人(车长兼炮手、装填手和驾驶员)
  • 车长:3.48米
  • 车阔:2.8米
  • 车高:1.18米
  • 重量:3.4吨
  • 防护:正面6mm,侧后4mm
  • 最快速度:45公里/小时
  • 续航距离:250公里
  • 武装:57毫米口径 Ch-51炮一门+7.62毫米口径SG-43中型机枪1挺
  • 发动机:GAZ-M-20E水冷式汽油发动机(55匹马力)
ASU-57可直接用Mi-6直升机空运 ASU-57可直接用Mi-6直升机空运

ASU-57空降坦克歼击车设计

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由于当时苏联运输机的运载能力不足,ASU-57的设计重点是尽可能小巧轻盈,车身主要为铝合金制造,正面装甲6毫米厚而侧方和后方4毫米厚,4对车轮和2对托带轮,其动力为原本用于嘎斯牌汽车的55匹马
ASU-57模型 ASU-57模型
力汽油
冷门的ASU-57坦克歼击车模型 冷门的ASU-57坦克歼击车模型
发动机,此车无炮塔而且采用开放式战斗室,武装为一门57毫米口径Ch-51炮,此炮为二战时ZiS-2反坦克炮的发展型。
当要空投时把它固定在一个地台上,此地台和一个拉出伞和4个直径30米的主降落伞相连,ASU-57也可直接用Mi-6直升机空运。[1] 

ASU-57空降坦克歼击车英文资料

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这型车的资料非常少。这里是它的英文资料。[2] 
The ASU-57 was a small, lightly-constructed Sovietassault gun specifically designed for use by Soviet airborne divisions.
History
The ASU-57 was designed to be a light-weight assault gunthat could be air-dropped and deployed by rocket-assisted parachute along withthe troops. It was lightly armored and armed with a 57 mm gun Ch-51, a
在俄罗斯的博物馆中展出的ASU-57 在俄罗斯的博物馆中展出的ASU-57
development of the WWII ZIS-2. Later an improved 57mm gunCh-51M was fitted. The gun fired standard caliber 57x480R ammunition of theZIS-2 anti-tank gun. The ASU-57's engine was taken from the Pobeda civiliancar. The ASU-57 was a successful design, and saw service with Soviet airbornedivisions for around 20 years before being replaced by the ASU-85. During itsyears of operation 54 vehicles would have been assigned to each airbornedivision.
One main drawback was the vehicle's welded aluminum hull,which offers little protection for the crew. However for airborne troops suchvehicles are invaluable, giving lightly armed soldiers who are isolated behindenemy lines mobile artillery support on the battlefield.
Type Airborne Tank Destroyer / Assault Gun
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1951
Used by USSR,Egypt, Vietnam, Yugoslavia,Poland, Ethiopia
Wars 1967 in Egypt
Ogaden War
Production history
Designer uncertain
参加阅兵式的ASU-57。注意其载员数量。 参加阅兵式的ASU-57。注意其载员数量。
Manufacturer uncertain
Produced 1951-1962
Specifications
Weight 3.4 tonnes
Length 3.48m (5.75 with gun)
Width 2.8 m
Height 1.18 m (1.46 shield up)
Crew 3+6
_______________________________________________________
Armor
6 mm
Primary
armament 1x Ch-51 or Ch-51M L/73 57mm Gun
Secondary
armament 1x 7.62mm anti-aircraft machine gun
Engine one M-20E4 cylinder water cooled gasoline engine
50hp (55hp with later engine)
Fuel capacity 140 liters
Operational
range 250 km
Speed 45 km/h

ASU-57空降坦克歼击车评价

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这种车辆车体小巧,广泛采用铝合金,敞开式战斗室设计,正面装甲厚6毫米,侧后装甲厚4毫米,装备一门CH-51型57毫米反坦克炮(二战时ZIS-2反坦克炮的发展型号),动力装置为一台M-20E型4缸水冷汽油发动机。虽然该车可以说是小巧玲珑,但是缺点也很多,首先装甲太薄,仅能抵挡步枪弹和破片,其次敞开式战斗室易受攻击,且不具有三防能力,火力也不足,所以很快就被ASU-85空降坦克歼击车替换了。[3] 
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社会 武器装备